DEFINITION OF SAFETY
Safety can be defined as a state in which hazards and conditions leading to physical, psychological, and material harm are controlled in order to preserve the health and well- being of individuals and communities. Safety is a dynamic state resulting from the interaction of human beings With their physical, social, cultural, technological, political, economic and organisational environment.
The objective is to establish a permanent state of vigilance and develop the mechanisms to control danger on a contionous basis.
SAFETY relates to various dimensions of physical, social, and psychological well being. It includes the prevention and control of injuries, both physical and psychological, to individuals and communities as it should be contained in the notion of ” human security” Which is being discussed by the UN Security Council.
Essential conditions for both physical safety and the perception of safety include:
- freedom from violence in a climate of peace, justice and equity protecting human rights;
- the respect of values of individuals and communities as well as the physical, material, and psychological integrity of individuals;
- strict enforcement of norms of transparency and accountability.
SAFETY can be achieved by acting on structures, environments, and Attitudes and behaviours. This can be affected by:
- sharing information on risk and options for risk contol between the public and political, professional, scientific, and community groups;
- concerted actions to maximize levels of safety achievable under the given conditions;
- adequate mechanisms for allocating resources for those in need and for resolution of conflicting interests;
- legal bases for ensuring accountability of individuals, organisations and governments at all levels.
SAFETY AS A HUMAN RIGHT because
1st- Injury is a huge burden as measured by disability – adjusted life years and as reflected in the burden of violence ( as quantified in the upcoming WHO World Report on violence).
2nd- It is important to look holistically at safety because of the increase In complexity and interdependence of many related issues that interact with safety, including health, the environment, peace promotion and war, economic well being and development,
3rd- The notion of Safety as a Human Right is an important policy tool For injury control and safety promotion.It is a way to bring together the Injury Control community for collective action that can be more effective than separate communities or individuals acting alone.
4th- A document elaborating the Right to Safety will be presented for discussions and adoption next year in the world conference and hopefully this document will be supported by a collective action through the United Nations and the WHO.
MAJOR ISSUES OF ROAD SAFETY EEE ( EDUCATION, ENFORCEMENT& ENGINEERING)
EDUCATION: Basic principles of road safety have to be continously published by NGOs, schools, universities, clubs, media.
ENGINEERING: Better road maintenance, construction of more pedestrian bridges, traffic lights.
ENFORCEMENT: Implementing all traffic rules & regulations on all Who share the roads.